- How Do Trees Reduce and Remove Pollutants from Stormwater Run-off?
- Planning Tree Planting
- Tree Staking & Wind Screens
- Deer Deterrent
- Improved air quality
- Reduced air temperatures in summer
- Reduced building heating and cooling costs
- Increased property values
- Habitat for wildlife
- Recreation and aesthetic value
It is important to plan in advance the appropriate location for your tree or group of trees. Please use this checklist to ensure that you comply with the design guidelines for properly locating a tree(s):
- Decide what function you would like your tree(s) to accomplish:
- Shade a certain area
- Provide edible fruit
- Provide flowers or aesthetic interest
- Screen or frame specific views
- Research the tree’s mature size (height & width) and ensure that it will not outgrow the location that you have intended.If there is insufficient space to allow the tree to grow full size, choose a different site or a small growing tree species.
- Tree planting sites should contain adequate soil volumes to allow root growth. Below ground space requirements should be twice the area of the above ground canopy coverage extents.
- Trees should be located away from overhead and underground utilities. The property owner is responsible for checking location of above and underground utilities before installation of a RainScapes LID Technique to ensure there will be no conflicts with the project. Contact “Call before you dig!” 811 hotline to locate underground utilities.
- Tree planting sites should allow adequate distance between the tree trunk and the hardscape elements that may be damaged by root development. Determine an adequate distance based on the mature growth characteristics of the tree. Root barriers are recommended for trees planted within 5 feet of foundations, walls, or other hardscape features. See ‘Root Barrier’ Section in this document:
- To be located away from septic systems and wells.
- To be located away from building foundations.
- To be located 3 feet from public sidewalks and 5 feet from property lines.
- New trees to be located at a safe distance from other existing trees which may have large root systems.
- How much sun and shade will your tree(s) receive? Be aware that when planting similar tree species in different locations, the tree exposed to more sun will grow quicker than the other, if placed in a shadier location.
- Is the potential tree location exposed to high winds or sheltered from wind?
- Is your home located near the coast, within a Coast Live Oak stand, or upland in the Monterey Pine Forest?
- Provide flowers, decorative bark or leaves
- Provide fall color
- Consider tree form such as columnar, vase-shaped, wide canopy
- Multi-trunk tree or standard (one straight trunk)
- Deciduous or evergreen tree
- Consider the required maintenance for future property owners
- You will be required to submit site photographs of your tree location before installation with your rebate application.
- Take a couple photos of the desired location on your property and print. Include your name, contact information, and address where the tree will be planted
- Mail with your rebate application
Watering tubes allow water to be delivered directly to the root zone of the tree, encouraging deep roots. Also, it prevents any surface runoff when watering the tree. There are two ways to install watering tubes:
- not connected to an irrigation system, therefore being an aid to hand watering, and
- connected to an irrigation system.
If you are unsure how to incorporate an irrigation system into a design, consult with an irrigation specialist or licensed landscape contractor.
For setting up a watering tube for hand watering purposes, place a 4 inch by 24 inch watering tube (PVC Pipe or Perforated PVC Pipe with perforations set next to root ball) set flush at the finished grade of soil. See Figure 1. The tube should be open on the bottom end and filled with loose gravel. The top of the tube should be covered with a cap. Two tubes can be installed on opposite sides of the root ball. The application of water through the watering tube should only be done after the tree is established (one to two growing seasons/18-24 months). Installation of the tube is important at the time of planting so roots can grow around it.
FIGURE 1: A drawing showing the proper position of a watering tube for a tree.
FIGURE 3: Example of drip Tube Installation around tree. Note that drip tube is to be properly staked and covered with mulch so it is not visible. Follow manufacturer’s
The less a young tree is pruned, the more total growth the tree will make. However the growth may not be where you want it or where it will develop the most desirable tree structure. After planting, remove broken, dead, or diseased branches and branches that interfere with more desirable placed ones.
If you don’t have deer fencing erected around you property, you may want to consider a deterrent method to keep deer from eating the leaves and stems of your new tree. When trees and plants come from a nursery they are lush and extremely appealing to deer, even if the plant is known to be “deer resistant”. As the tree grows taller, larger, and more woody, it will become less tempting to deer. However, if deer are hungry and have a difficult time finding food, especially in times of drought, they are most likely going to nibble on the lower leaves of your tree. Temporary fencing or environmentally friendly deer repellents are recommended at the time of planting and during times of drought.
- Trees require regular landscape maintenance and each tree species has specific needs. Research the tree species and required maintenance to ensure you are providing the right care.
- After planting, check around the tree for weeds and pull immediately.
- Avoid using synthetic fertilizer or herbicides around your tree because these chemicals are pollutants. For preferred alternatives, see Monterey Regional Stormwater Management Program and Our Water Our World.
- When the tree has established itself (approximately 1-2 growing seasons), reduce the amount of irrigation and start using the watering tubes if applicable.
- Apply deer deterrent as necessary.